Soybean planting advanced to 2 percent of the projected surface of Brazil last Friday, according to consultancy AgRural. One year ago, planting was at one percent of the area, which is the average of the last five years.
Currently, planting already started in Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, and Paraná. The reason that planting is faster this year is because of favorable weather in the southern state of Paraná. In the state, the planted soybean reached seven percent of what is forecast to be produced.
AgRural projects a production potential in Brazil of 83.8 million tons of soybeans through an area of 76.6 million acres.
The Brazilian state of Paraná released a new crop report. The state’s Department of Agriculture says that the wheat surface increased 35 percent to 3.3 million acres in the 2014/2015 crop season. The production is expected to jump 112 percent to 3.9 million tons.
According to consultancy Trigo & Farinhas, considering this output, the 300,000 tons of volume imported from Paraguay, Argentina, and the United States, the Brazilian state will have a surplus estimated at 1.6 million tons.
The soybean planting in Brazil’s state of Mato Grosso just started, but three cases of Asian rust were already seen in the fields of the state. The occurrences were confirmed by the local crop protection agency.
The cases were found in the municipalities of Sapezal, Campo Novo dos Parecis, and Campo Verde near highways. The most dangerous is case is considered at Campo Novos dos Parecis because the Rust case was in a 17,297 acres soybean field.
Brazil’s National Institute of Meteorology forecasts this Wednesday will be cloudy in the state of Mato Grosso, the country’s top soybean producer, which is starting the planting season. Torrential rains might happen in the next few days.
In Mato Grosso do Sul, another big producer of soybeans and corn, hail and electrical discharges are forecast. The soybean planting started last week in both states after the end of legal hallowing.
According to a forecast released by Brazilian consultancy Trigo & Farinhas, wheat production in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, the member of the Mercosur bloc, will increase 8.8 percent to 22.2 million tons during the 2014/2015 season.
The consultancy also predicts that exports will jump to 3.08 million tons from 2.5 million tons. Total consumption within the four countries would be 19.4 million tons in the new season. Therefore, the consultancy believes that the final stocks would have a jump of 27.2 percent to 3.3 million tons.
Brazil’s minister of Agriculture, Neri Geller, launched the new soybean crop season last Friday in Sorriso, Mato Grosso, as planting is starting in the region. He announced that the expectation is that the surface for the oilseed will grow five percent in 2014/2015 to 78.1 million acres with an average productivity of three tons per hectare.
“We expect that our production becomes more profitable for farmers and for Brazil in this new season”, said Geller.
The first corn-based ethanol plant of Brazil started its works to be built in Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul. The initial investment is projected at US$ 140 million by BioUrja Agroindustrial Brasil. The enterprise would absorb the corn production from the region to process the meal and produce ethanol.
The Brazilian state of Paraná already has harvested nearly 29 percent of the wheat surface, according to the weekly report of the southern state’s Secretariat of Agriculture. Compared to the previous week, there was an advance of about 11 percent of the harvest.
Approximately 86 percent of the crops in Paraná are considered good or excellent. Average conditions are seen on the 13 percent of the planted area.
After a phytosanitary agreement between China and Argentina, the South American country will be able to export sorghum to Asians and benefit from the skyrocketing demand in this season already. According to numbers from the United States Department of Agriculture, the Chinese imported a volume of 84,000 tons of sorghum in the 2011/2012 season. In the 2013/2014, imports of the grain jumped to stunning 3.4 million.
Prior to the Argentinian agreement with China, the only countries allowed to exported sorghum to that populous Asian country were the United States, Myanmar, and Australia. In the meantime, in Argentina, it seems that farmers are already aware of the trade possibilities with the grain. The sorghum surface increased from 1.4 million acres to 2.9 million acres in the last five years.
However, problems will be seen in the next crop because of the lack of technology, knowledge and market dynamism, experts say. “Sorghum is fragmented market (in Argentina). It does not have a region of producers, but isolated growers with insignificant material able to export”, said Esteban Martínez, a researcher at Nidera‘s Department of Sorghum.
Sorghum can also be specially attractive for Argentine growers because it does not have the undesired tax on exports (called locally retentions). That is one of the reasons that the crop already caught the attention of local growers.
The Rural Institute of Technical Assistance of Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost state of Brazil, informed that the southern Brazilian state has had favorable weather for corn planting in recent days. The institute estimates that nearly 20 percent of the projected 2.1 million acres surface of the cereal was already planted in Rio Grande do Sul.
Planting started in the northeastern, center, and northwestern parts of the state, where about 58 percent of the total area was planted. In other regions, planting intensifies during the final weeks of September.