The caterpillar Helicoverpa armigera, also known as earworm, was already diagnosed in the state of Rio Grande do Sul – the third largest producer of soybeans in Brazil. The Laboratory of Plague Management of the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) confirmed as “positive” the results of the first samples collected in the 2014/15 crop season, Brazilian portal Agrolink reported.
The species were collected by the Nova Palma Agricultural Cooperative with the use of traps with selective pheromone in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul. The presence of Helicoverpa armigera in the municipalities was detected in the municipalities of Nova Palma and Restinga Seca. The cases put farmers on high alert as commercial planting nears.
“This objective message alerted soybean growers about the occurrence of moths yet in the month of October of 2014 indicates a greater risk of caterpillar of the Helicoverpa armigera specie on spring plants or right after an emergence on soybean crops,” affirms Professor Jerson Carús Guedes at the Department of Crop Protection at UFSM.
Javier Buján, president of the Center of Brokers and Agents of the Buenos Aires Cereal Exchange, said last week that Argentina will be able to supply at least 5.5 million tons to Brazil in grains and 750,000 tons of flour in 2015.
According to Brazilian consultancy Trigo & Farinhas, at the moment there is just 900,000 tons available for sale. The current price for those grains is at US$ 290/FOB for immediate shipping.
The drier weather last week in the Brazilian state of Paraná allowed the wheat harvest to advance faster there. The harvest reached 72 percent of the surface, while in the same period of last year, when the progress was 60 percent in the state, according to Parana’s Department of Agriculture.
Local agronomists say that, after the period of rains, the most recently harvested grains have an improved quality, compared to what was seen in the last week.
By Luís Vieira
Brazilians went to the polls Sunday and reelected incumbent Dilma Roussef in a tight race with less than 4% of margin. Roussef will stay 4 more years as the president of the largest country of Latin America.
The incumbent president won with a vast majority in the poorest states of the country, especially in the Northeast, such as Piauí, Maranhão, Ceará, and Alagoas. Opposition leader Aécio Neves won in the richest parts of the country and in all agricultural states such as São Paulo, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, and Rio Grande do Sul. But his margin was not enough to beat Roussef in the overall scenario.
An early infestation of the caterpillar Helicoverpa Armigera, known also as earworm, appeared on soybean crops in the state of Goiás, the fourth largest producer of the oilseed in the country. According to a report from Brazil’s portal Agrolink, farmers from the state are having to do spraying with just 20 days of planting.
The control, according to agronomists, should only be done when the infestation reaches the level of one caterpillar per meter of crop. The goal is to kill the plague before it is proliferated and get to the soybean grain.
Argentina will allow a new quota of 400,000 tons of wheat for exports, according to a report of Reuters. The quota was added to the nearly 1.5 million tons that were already exported. Argentina is a traditional of wheat to Brazil because both are part of the Mercosur trade bloc.
The wheat harvest started in the north of Argentina and it is likely to speed up in the next few weeks. The country’s government decides its quota policy based on domestic inflation and local availability.
In Rosario, Argentina’s major agricultural port, the value of soybeans reached US$ 267.5/ton yesterday, according to the Rosario Board of Trade. That value is the lowest in the country since 2002.
A study from the Institute of Studies of the Argentinean Republic and Latin America of the Mediterranean Foundation also revealed that farmers from the country receive currently 36 percent less than the average of the last 12 years.
“The scenario of costs and prices has shown a strong deterioration compared to the last crop season,” pointed out Sofía Corina and Emilce Terré, grain experts at the Rosario Board of Trade.
Beef exports in Uruguay will beat soybean sales in value in 2015 for the first time in three years, according to the Uruguayan Federation of Cooperatives. Soybean revenues already plummeted 26 percent in the country. During the 2013/2014 season, the oilseed cost US$ an average of US$ 475/ton, while in 2015 the value is estimated at US$ 360/ton.
The federation expects that sales would reach nearly US$ 1.3 billion through a production of 3.6 million tons – which is below the US$ 1.8 billion generated last year. In the meantime, Uruguay’s National Institute of Beef forecast a revenue with beef of nearly US$ 1.58 billion,
The wheat harvest reached 98 percent of the surface in Paraguay, but productivity is likely to lower, according to consultancy Agridatos from Ciudad del Este. Now, total production is expected to be 1.4 million tons in the South American country. Sales are slow in Paraguay because of the low quality of the harvested wheat.
Data leaked from a meeting of the Brazilian Association of Wheat Industries says that wheat production in the country will fall at one million from what was previously expected. The latest USDA data puts the total production at 6.5 million tons, while the National Supply Company (Conab) predicts a 7.6 million tons crop in Brazil.
The losses happened mostly in Rio Grande do Sul, where rains have damaged the crops in the North of the state. According to consultancy Trigo & Farinhas, brokerages and mills in the state of Paraná expect higher domestic prices of the cereal because of weather patterns and a higher dollar. The consultancy also revealed that a new exemption on the external tariff imposed on US wheat is not likely to happen again this year.