Corn planting in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, the southern-most state in the country, overcame 90% of the projected surface of 1.8 million acres. At this time, there is a reduction of the initial forecast for the planted area for cash corn, while sillage would have the same surface. The information is from the state’s Rural Institute of Technical Assistance.
In general, the crops present good plant population and yields tend to be high if there are not any weather setbacks. For soybeans, which Rio Grande do Sul is the third largest producer, planting reach 40% with good conditions too.
By Luís Vieira
It’s common knowledge that corn is used to make ethanol and soybeans to make biodiesel.
But did you know that soybeans are now being used as a raw material for ethanol production?
As the tensions between Brazil and the U.S. over ethanol duties grow, Brazilian company Caramuru, which is based in Sorriso, a city in the northern state of Mato Grosso, announced it will produce hydrous ethanol from soybeans and will also process soy lecithin.
Read the full story at Agriculture.com
The soybean planting in the Brazilian state of Paraná reached 80% of the projected surface of 13.4 million acres. A production volume of 19.5 million metric tons is expected to be harvested in the state in this season.
For corn, the government projects a production of 3.06 million metric tons in the summer, which is 38% lower than the volume harvested last year. Planting of the cereal as of this week reached 99% of the area.
A weekly crop update of the Buenos Aires Cereal Exchange reveals that the soybean planting advanced 5.4 percentage points in the present week and is 2.2 percentage points ahead of the previous year, covering 7.2% of the estimated area for the oilseed. The total soybean surface is expected to be 44.7 million hectares (18.1 million hectares). Most of the planting works took place in the Nucleus regions, which includes the Northwest of the Buenos Aires province, South of Córdoba and Soutwest of Santa Fe.
Regarding corn, the planted area reached 33.9% this week, considering a surface of 13.3 million acres (5.1 million hectares). The pace is 5.9 percentage points ahead of the previous season. The most significant advances happened in the provinces of Buenos Aires and La Pampa. In Central and Northern areas of the country, more works will take place starting in December.
In the case of sunflower, the work is more concentrated currently in the Buenos Aires province and La Pampa. The national progress rate is at 60% of a surface of 4.4 million acres. In one week, there was a progress of 9.4 percentage points. On the other hand, precipitation was low in those regions recently and will impede a faster advance in the coming days.
The lack of rains has been a constant in some Center-Western states like Goiás, Tocantins, Mato Grosso do Sul, and Mato Grosso. Moreover, the state of Paraná has also registered major delays of soybean planting. Now, the major worry for farmers in all of these states, which are large soybean producers, but also producers of corn in the winter, is that many farmerswould lose the right window to plant the secorn corn crop. Soybeans are usually harvested between January and February and most farmers plant corn right after over it.
Several localities in the province of Córdoba, Central Argentina, have suffered this morning (10.27) with a 15-minute storm. After several months with a high level of water, strong rains affected localities in the province like Río Tercero, Embalse, Almafuerte, Berrotarán, and La Cruz. Power outages were registered in all of these locations. The precipitation level this morning reached 2.7 inches.
Argentina has already started soybean planting. In the case of corn, nearly 32.8% of the surface is already planted, according to the data from the Buenos Aires Cereal Exchange. The harvest takes place for wheat, where the nationwide surface was 2.8% harvested.
According to official data of the Brazilian state of Paraná, after 40 days without any rain drop, nearly 76% of the corn surface was already planted. However, the area is 33% smaller than the previous year. Even though planting conditions were not ideal, most producers could finish work within the right window.
The reason for the shrunk acres is that most farmers switched to soybeans that pay three times more for the producer. A soybean bag of 60 kg is now worth US$ 18.90 in the state.
Occurrences of rail were registered in several locations of the province of Córdoba, Argentina, one of the leading corn and soybean producers in the country. The weather in the region has been unstable and precipitation is also happening in the south of the Buenos Aires province, the largest soybean producing province. More instability will be seen in the coming days, according to Argentina’s National Weather Service. One million hectares are already considered lost by floods in the season.
With several fields still under water, there is a delay of 35% on the corn planting progress in Argentina compared to last year, according to the Rosario Board of Trade. As of last week, nearly 57% of the fields had already finished planting, while at this same week of 2016 the progress was at 92%. Nearly 990,000 acres are still flooded in the North of the Buenos Aires province and South of Santa Fe and those are exactly the acres where farms need to plant the grains.
If farmers are still not able to finish planting in the coming weeks, they will have to either plant corn or switch the surface to soybeans. And the bad news is not over yet. Soybeans have high costs in Argentina with export taxes and the moisture tends to bring more pests and weeds.
Drops of rain will come back to soybean areas of Mato Grosso, Brazil’s largest soybean producing state, as of today. The levels of precipitation are not high enough, but would reach 0.4 inches until Wednesday, says Brazil’s National Institute of Meteorology. Planting is already delayed in this region of the country for both corn and soybeans.