Corn planting in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, the southern-most state in the country, overcame 90% of the projected surface of 1.8 million acres. At this time, there is a reduction of the initial forecast for the planted area for cash corn, while sillage would have the same surface. The information is from the state’s Rural Institute of Technical Assistance.
In general, the crops present good plant population and yields tend to be high if there are not any weather setbacks. For soybeans, which Rio Grande do Sul is the third largest producer, planting reach 40% with good conditions too.
Wheat sales from the recently harvested wheat crop in Argentina already reached 4.5 million metric tons. By comparison, in the same month of last year sales of the cereal had reached 2.5 million metric tons. Of the current volume from this crop that is already sold, nearly 3.9 million metric tons already have a price set. The average price sold is US$ 170 per metric ton. The data is from the Rosario Board of Trade.
The estimated production is slightly below the last year crop that reached a record of 17 million metric tons. In this season, the total production would reach 16.5 million metric tons, says the Rosario Board of Trade.
Soybean planting has reached 57% of the surface in Brazil, according to a recent survey released by consultancy AgRural. There was an advance of 14 percentage points in one week. The planting pace overcomes the average of the previous five years, which is 56% but is below the progress of last year that reached 63% of the area in this same week.
AgRural says that the works progressed quicker in the Center-Western parts of the country led by Mato Grosso do Sul, followed by Mato Grosso, and Goias. Current crop conditions indicate that the yields will be lower in Mato Grosso due to irregular rains.
In the state of Paraná, nearly 80% of the soybean area is planted when there is a forecast of hot weather in the state after worries with lower than average temperatures. In Rio Grande do Sul, planting progresses to 31% of the estimated surface.
The soybean planting in the Brazilian state of Paraná reached 80% of the projected surface of 13.4 million acres. A production volume of 19.5 million metric tons is expected to be harvested in the state in this season.
For corn, the government projects a production of 3.06 million metric tons in the summer, which is 38% lower than the volume harvested last year. Planting of the cereal as of this week reached 99% of the area.
A weekly crop update of the Buenos Aires Cereal Exchange reveals that the soybean planting advanced 5.4 percentage points in the present week and is 2.2 percentage points ahead of the previous year, covering 7.2% of the estimated area for the oilseed. The total soybean surface is expected to be 44.7 million hectares (18.1 million hectares). Most of the planting works took place in the Nucleus regions, which includes the Northwest of the Buenos Aires province, South of Córdoba and Soutwest of Santa Fe.
Regarding corn, the planted area reached 33.9% this week, considering a surface of 13.3 million acres (5.1 million hectares). The pace is 5.9 percentage points ahead of the previous season. The most significant advances happened in the provinces of Buenos Aires and La Pampa. In Central and Northern areas of the country, more works will take place starting in December.
In the case of sunflower, the work is more concentrated currently in the Buenos Aires province and La Pampa. The national progress rate is at 60% of a surface of 4.4 million acres. In one week, there was a progress of 9.4 percentage points. On the other hand, precipitation was low in those regions recently and will impede a faster advance in the coming days.
According to official data of the Brazilian state of Paraná, after 40 days without any rain drop, nearly 76% of the corn surface was already planted. However, the area is 33% smaller than the previous year. Even though planting conditions were not ideal, most producers could finish work within the right window.
The reason for the shrunk acres is that most farmers switched to soybeans that pay three times more for the producer. A soybean bag of 60 kg is now worth US$ 18.90 in the state.
Brazil’s National Supply Company (Conab) projected this week a smaller grain crop in the country. The total grain production would have an output of 228.20 million metric tons, which is a fall of 6%. The soybean production would range between 106 million metric tons and 108.25 million metric tons. This year, the country harvested 114.07 million metric tons of the oilseed.
Data revealed from the Mato Grosso Institute of Agricultural Economics (Imea) from the major soybean producing state in Brazil reveals that four regions already started to plant the oilseed. But considering the overall surface forecast for soybean, planting just reached 0.15% of the 7.6 million acres. The most advanced region is the Western part with 0.4 percent of the area planted.
The first report issued by consultancy AgRural for the 2016/2017 crop season in Brazil reveals that the planting progress just reached 0.3% of the expected surface. The works have not advanced in the last few weeks because of dry and hot weather. Most farmers are trying to avoid replanting and have awaited the best climate condition to begin works. A year ago, planting was at 5% of the surface. As of now, the most advanced progress in the state of Paraná with 1.7% of the crop planted. Total output potential is seen at 109.7 million metric tons.
For corn, planting already started well in the Southern states and the commercial surface planting reached 19% of the total crop. In the South, the progress is at 40%. Santa Catarina leads with 55% of the works finished, followed by Rio Grande do Sul with 45%, and Paraná has just 16% of the crop planted. The dry weater has been a setback especially in the region of Campos Gerais, Paraná, near Curitiba, the state’s capital. According to AgRural, the estimated corn production for the Center-South of Brazil is 22.4 million metric tons, which is 10% less than the previous summer crop.
Private consultancies estimates in Brazil have projections for corn in production pointing to a reduction of the corn planted area from 20% to 30% of the previous surface. Paulo Bertolini, director of the Brazilian Association of Corn Growers, foresees a reduction that could reach even 50%. But some local perspectives bring even lower estimates for the coming season.
In the view of Carlos Dellavalle, an agronomist in Lagoa Vermelha, Northeast of Rio Grande do Sul, there could be a reduction of up to 60% or more of the corn surface in this season.
“Nobody is talking about corn here. All we talk is about soybeans. The inputs market is very slow. I can say that here the surface would reduce 70%,” revealed Dellavalle to AgroSouth News.
Dellavalle is a pusher of alternative winter crops and owns the company DeAgro in Lagoa Vermelha, also teaches Production Systems at the University of Passo Fundo.