The government of Paraguay has already sent a bill to the Paraguayan Congress that would impose taxes at a rate of 15 percent for all grains exported from the country. President Horacio Cartes believes he has enough votes to approve the measure in an agreement with the leftist opposition. Paraguay, today, is the fourth largest exporter of soybeans in the world with 6.3 million metric tons shipped. The argument of the Paraguayan government is that the agricultural sector has a revenue of over US$ 3 billion, but contributes less than other sectors of the economy. This year alone, the soybean output in Paraguay overcame 10 million metric tons.
In December of 2015, Argentina eliminated export taxes on wheat and corn. The result of the elimination was the doubling of wheat production and generating a growth of two percentage points of corn production. A program of reduction of export taxes on soybeans until its elimination in 2019 was also set.